Betadine Ophthalmic

Name: Betadine Ophthalmic

Description

Povidone-Iodine is a broad-spectrum microbicide with the chemical formulas:

2-pyrrolidinone, 1- ethenyl-, homopolymer, compound with iodine; 1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone polymer, compound with iodine. The structural formula is as follows:

BETADINE* 5% Sterile Ophthalmic Prep Solution contains 5% povidone-iodine (0.5% available iodine) as a sterile dark brown solution stabilized by glycerin. Inactive Ingredients: purified water, citric acid, glycerin, nonoxynol-9, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide, and dibasic sodium phosphate.

Clinical pharmacology

A placebo-controlled study in 38 normal volunteers yielded data for 36 subjects who showed a mean log10 reduction of 3.05 log10 units in total aerobes at 10 minutes following prepping the skin with BETADINE* 5% Sterile Ophthalmic Prep Solution compared with reduction of 1.58 log10 units after prepping with vehicle free of the iodine complex. This placebo-controlled study indicates a mean log10 reduction by the iodine complex compared with the control solution of 1.47 log10 units at 10 minutes and 1.79 log10 units at 45 minutes. The base-line mean aerobic bacterial count was 7,586 organisms per square cm.

Indications and usage

BETADINE* 5% Sterile Ophthalmic Prep Solution for the eye is indicated for prepping of the periocular region (lids, brow, and cheek) and irrigation of the ocular surface (cornea, conjunctiva, and palpebral fornices).

Contraindications

Do not use on individuals known to be sensitive to iodine, or other components of this product.

Warnings

FOR EXTERNAL USE ONLY. NOT FOR INTRAOCULAR INJECTION OR IRRIGATION.

Geriatric Use

No overall differences in safety or effectiveness have been observed between elderly and younger patients.

(web3)